By Laurie Bauer
Книга An creation to foreign types of English An creation to overseas sorts of English Книги Иностранные языки Автор: Laurie Bauer Год издания: 2003 Формат: pdf Издат.:Edinburgh collage Press Страниц: a hundred and sixty Размер: 1,7 ISBN: 0748613382 Язык: Английский0 (голосов: zero) Оценка:Covering kinds of English spoken in Britain, the u.s., Canada, South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, and the Falkland Islands, this ebook indicates how the key nationwide types of English have built and why comparable factors have given upward push to various results in several components of the area.
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9. 2 Compounds By far the most common way of creating new words from the resources of English is by compounding: putting two words together to form a new word. 10. 3 Derivatives Although compounding is the most common way of forming new words to describe the new situations met by colonists, derivation is also used, perhaps especially in the USA. From Australia we ﬁnd derivatives such as arvo, barbie, bathers, watersider ; from Canada words like hauler ; from New Zealand words such as gummy, scratchie, sharemilker and ropable (which is also used in Australia); from South Africa comes outie; and accessorize, beautician, burglarize, hospitalize, mortician, realtor, winterize are all from the USA.
Benor (1999) gives, among others, the following words borrowed from Hebrew, Yiddish and Aramaic, used by Ashkenazic modern orthodox Jews in North America. maxloxet argument dɑfk to spite someone with intent tals prayer shawl kip skull cap koʃər ritually acceptable (of food) sf rm religious books ʃiər lesson ləvɑj funeral mnh tradition sər forbidden To what extent can you see the same forces operating in these borrowings as in borrowings in the colonial setting, and to what extent are these different?
At the same time, English has been established in these countries for so long, and has been so clearly inﬂuenced by the language of England, that these countries have varieties of English which behave more like inner circle varieties than like outer circle varieties. There is an extra point to be considered with the Englishes spoken in Ireland and Scotland: They have provided so much of the input to New World and southern hemisphere varieties of English, it is perhaps more useful from the point of view of this book to view them as part of the colonising drift from the British Isles than as among the ﬁrst of the colonised.
An Introduction to International Varieties of English by Laurie Bauer