Get A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians PDF

By J F. Staal

ISBN-10: 0262190788

ISBN-13: 9780262190787

The achievements of Pānini and the Indian grammarians, starting approximately 2500 years in the past, have by no means been totally liked through Western students -- in part a result of nice technical problems offered through such an inquiry, and in part simply because appropriate educational articles were restricted to vague and inaccessible publications.

This e-book makes to be had to linguists and Sanskritists a suite of an important articles at the Sanskrit grammarians, and offers a hooked up old define in their actions. It covers reviews and fragments starting from early 7th-century money owed of the grammarians -- recorded by means of Buddhist pilgrims from China and Tibet, by means of Muslim tourists from the close to East, and by way of Christian missionaries -- to a few of the easiest articles that experience seemed over the last century and a half.

Chapters within the booklet disguise the root of Sanskrit experiences within the West laid via British students operating in India and together with the specified and actual details supplied by way of Henry Thomas Colebrooke; the linguistic reviews of Pānini via von Schlegel and von Humboldt; the paintings of Bhandarkar and of Kielhorn; William Dwight Whitney's low assessment of the "native" grammarians; and the philological paintings of recent Western, Indian, and jap scholars.

The editor observes that fabrics within the Reader exhibit difficulties tackled through the Sanskrit grammarians which heavily parallel advancements in modern linguistics. He has supplied old and linguistic statement and bibliographic facts within the introductions and notes that accompany each one choice. Articles are of their unique English, German, and French. Texts or passages in chinese language, Tibetan, Arabic, Sanskrit, Latin, and Greek have, for the main half, been translated into English, and all Sanskrit passages were translated into the Latin alphabet.

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Extra info for A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians

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After this a Brahman of the town Salätura in Gandhära of North India, whose name was Panini Rsi, reduced them to 8000 slokas. This is the work at present used in India. Lately a Brahman of South India, at the request of a king of South India, reduced them further to 2500 slokas. This work is widely spread, and used throughout all the frontier provinces, but the well-read scholars of India do not follow it as their guide in practice. This then is the fundamental treatise relating to sounds and letters of the Western world, their branch-divisions, distinctions and mutual connections.

The most striking feature of this Chinese approach to Sanskrit remains a characteristic of all later Chinese studies. To the Chinese, the alphabet meant everything. They simply assumed that knowledge of the Sanskrit script was as important a feature of Sanskrit as knowledge of characters is of Chinese. Hence they had only a very vague notion of what was involved in knowing the Sanskrit language beyond knowing its alphabet. After the introductory paragraph, previously quoted, Hsüan Tsang goes on to say that the young in India are instructed from the age of seven in five sciences (vidyd), of which "The first is called the elucidation of sounds (sabdavidyä).

The book became the fashion and highly prized. e. do not sprinkle the water on me. e. bring sweetmeats. So she went away and brought him sweetmeats. And when the king disapproved of her doing so, she gave him an angry reply, and used coarse language towards him. Now he was deeply offended, and in consequence, as is their custom, he abstained from all food, and concealed himself in some corner until he was called upon by a sage, who consoled him, promising him that he would teach people grammar and the inflexions of the language.

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A Reader on the Sanskrit Grammarians by J F. Staal

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