By Gene M. Heyman
Publish yr note: First released may perhaps fifteenth 2009
Pages note: PDF is 213, pagination is 200
In a ebook bound to motivate controversy, Gene Heyman argues that traditional knowledge approximately addiction--that it's a affliction, a compulsion past awake control--is wrong.
Drawing on psychiatric epidemiology, addicts' autobiographies, remedy experiences, and advances in behavioral economics, Heyman makes a robust case that habit is voluntary. He exhibits that drug use, like every offerings, is encouraged through personal tastes and ambitions. yet simply as there are winning dieters, there are winning ex-addicts. actually, dependancy is the psychiatric illness with the top expense of restoration. yet what ends an addiction?
At the guts of Heyman's research is a startling view of selection and motivation that applies to all offerings, not only the alternative to take advantage of medicinal drugs. The stipulations that advertise quitting a drug habit contain new details, cultural values, and, in fact, the prices and merits of extra drug use. such a lot people stay away from turning into drug based, now not simply because we're specially rational, yet simply because we detest the belief of being an addict.
Heyman's research of well-established yet usually missed study ends up in unforeseen insights into how we make choices--from weight problems to McMansionization--all rooted in our deep-seated tendency to devour an excessive amount of of no matter what we adore most sensible. As wealth raises and know-how advances, the problem posed via addictive medicines spreads to new items. even if, this awesome and radical e-book issues to an answer. If drug addicts in most cases beat habit, then non-addicts can learn how to regulate their typical tendency to take an excessive amount of.
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Extra resources for Addiction: A Disorder of Choice
How can values inﬂuence drug effects? The two seem incommensurable, and as drugs are more fundamental, the manner in which values suppress and facilitate drug effects is not obvious. This issue is not unique to the results presented in this chapter but applies to all psychopharmacological research. ” This is one of the fundamental issues in psychological research, and one in which there has been much progress in recent years. The research focuses on the central nervous system (CNS). Drugs, the environment (including social setting), and psychological phenomena affect the workings of the central nervous system.
On the vertical axis is the percentage of interviewees who ever met the criteria for the disorder (“lifetime prevalence”). The ﬁlled black bars indicate 14 born 1917–1936 born 1952–1963 abuse/ dependence likelihood (in percent) 12 10 8 affective disorder 6 4 2 depression anxiety panic mania OCD schizo. 3 Differences in the likelihood of psychiatric disorders as a function of differences in year of birth. Drug-use disorders show the largest cohort effects. Data are from Robins & Regier, 1991. 33 A D D I C T I O N prevalence for the earlier cohort, the open white bars show prevalence for the more recent cohort.
The cover’s message is that addiction is an equalopportunity disorder. In support of this claim, the inside pages list twentytwo “expert contributors,” none of whom discuss addiction in terms of historical trends or demographic factors that pertain to social economic status. Similarly, articles published in leading medical journals include summary statements that support the equal-opportunity version of addiction. , 1995). Who is correct: the television shows that place addiction in the inner city, or the experts who place it everywhere?
Addiction: A Disorder of Choice by Gene M. Heyman