By Andrea J. Fascetti, Sean J. Delaney
Applied Veterinary scientific Nutrition presents present, clinically proper dietary recommendation meant to be used in day-by-day canines and feline practice. hugely useful, the booklet emphasizes recommendations for integrating food into scientific perform, with introductory chapters masking the root and technological know-how in the back of the concepts and wide references for additional reading. Written by means of a bunch of best veterinary nutritionists, Applied Veterinary medical Nutrition is a worthy source at the ideas of animal foodstuff and feeding practices in fit or diseased canine and cats.
The ebook starts off with an outline of simple nutrients, power requisites, and the fundamentals of product courses, puppy meals, home-prepared diets and nutritional supplements. next chapters delve into feeding the fit puppy and cat, foodstuff for weight administration, and dietary ideas for a number of illnesses, with the ultimate chapters protecting enteral and parenteral nutrition. Applied Veterinary scientific Nutrition is a regular reference for veterinary practitioners, scholars, and citizens looking authoritative info on feeding animals.
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Extra resources for Applied veterinary clinical nutrition
It is typical to predict the maintenance energy requirement for a dog or cat and then make adjustments to this value if weight loss or weight gain is desired. As a first step toward determining energy requirements, it is important to understand the terminology that is commonly used in energy metabolism. A number of terms are used to describe the energy intake and energy expenditure of an animal (Wenk et al. 2001). The following terms Gross Energy Digestible Energy Metabolizable Energy Net Energy GE feces GE urine and gases Heat Increment NEm or NEg or other NE Fig.
As a first step toward determining energy requirements, it is important to understand the terminology that is commonly used in energy metabolism. A number of terms are used to describe the energy intake and energy expenditure of an animal (Wenk et al. 2001). The following terms Gross Energy Digestible Energy Metabolizable Energy Net Energy GE feces GE urine and gases Heat Increment NEm or NEg or other NE Fig. 1. Energy terms and sources of energy loss in animal nutrition. describe the energy available to the animal after accounting for various sources of energy loss (Fig.
The Atwater equation was developed over 100 years ago to predict the energy content of human diets (Atwater 1902). The Atwater equation is still used in human nutrition, and it provides a reasonable estimate for the ME value of human foods fed to dogs (and possibly cats). The Atwater equation may also be appropriate for highly digestible commercial pet foods. Following is the Atwater equation: ME ( kcal/kg) = 10[(9 kcal/g × % crude fat ) + (4 kcal/g × % crude protein ) + (4 kcal/g × % nitrogen free extract )] Using values from a diet containing 12% crude fat, 22% crude protein, and 46% nitrogen free extract, the following result can be obtained with the Atwater equation: 30 Applied Veterinary Clinical Nutrition ME ( kcal/kg) = 10[(9 kcal/g × 12) + (4 kcal/g × 22) + (4 kcal/g × 46)] ME ( kcal/kg) = 3, 800 The modified Atwater equation was developed by AAFCO (AAFCO 2007) to produce an equation that would better reflect the fact that the digestibility of commercial pet foods tends to be lower than the digestibility of typical human foods.
Applied veterinary clinical nutrition by Andrea J. Fascetti, Sean J. Delaney