By Anthony Benedetto
Well illustrated with fine quality photographs, Botulinum pollution in scientific Aesthetic Practice has confirmed itself a premiere consultant to the scientific use of other different types of botulinum pollutants for either esthetic and scientific reasons.
This moment version keeps all of the positive aspects that made its predecessor such a success, together with targeted anatomic drawings, a overview of the several formulations on hand, and specimen kinds. This version has been revised and up-to-date all through and lines extra new fabric on medico-legal issues and mental and cultural elements that can have an effect on the intentions of sufferers and the implications that may be achieved.
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Extra info for Botulinum Toxins in Clinical Aesthetic Practice, Second Edition
Clin Dermatol 2004; 22(1): 3–13. 4. Daniel RK, Landon B. Endoscopic forehead lift: anatomic basis. Aesthet Surg Jour 1997; 17: 97–104. 5. Cook Jr. BE, Lucarelli MJ, Lemke BN. Depressor supercilii muscle: anatomy, histology, and cosmetic implications. Opthalmic Plast Reconstr Surg 2001; 17: 404–11. 6. Flynn TC, Carruthers J, Carruthers A. Botulinum A toxin treatment of the lower eyelids improves infraorbital rhytides and widens the eye. Dermatol Surg 2001; 27: 703–8. 7. Berkowitz BKB, Moxham BJ.
The branches are termed V1, V2, and V3 and are arranged vertically, with V1 being superior, V2 in the middle, and V3 inferiorly (Fig. 9). The first branch is the ophthalmic division, and innervates the upper one-third of the face. It originates in the semilunar ganglion and enters the orbit where it divides into the lacrimal branch to the upper lateral eyelid, a nasociliary branch to the glabella and nasal dorsum, and the larger frontal branch, which supplies the forehead and periocular area. The frontal branch in turn gives rise to the supraorbital and supratrochlear branches.
1) (1). The dose conversion ratio was even found to be different when similar or adjacent muscles in the same patient were treated. , units of rimabotulinumtoxinB to units of onabotulinumtoxinA) when treating the frontalis with rimabotulinumtoxinB, then one naturally assumed the same equivalency ratio would be applicable for treating any of the other mimetic muscles of the face. However, when rimabotulinumtoxinB was used for another facial muscle, for example, the orbicularis oculi or corrugator supercilii, the equivalency of rimabotulinumtoxinB to (A) 25 onabotulinumtoxinA was not the same, but namely 125:1, or thereabout.
Botulinum Toxins in Clinical Aesthetic Practice, Second Edition by Anthony Benedetto