By Clive Phillips
Livestock are considered one of our significant domesticated animals, the next mammal with advanced psychological and actual wishes. the advantage of a data of livestock behaviour potential veterinarians and stockpeople can understand irregular behaviour symptoms for affliction prognosis and indication of an insufficient setting. This e-book replaces the e-book livestock Behaviour, written by means of an analogous writer and released through Farming Press in 1993. The textual content has been revised and up to date and 4 new chapters on livestock welfare were further. the most curiosity of many interpreting a e-book on behaviour is its relation to the welfare of the species, so the mix of welfare and behavior is a logical one.
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Additional resources for Cattle Behaviour and Welfare 2nd Edition
1995). The temperature and ventilation relate closely to levels of disease and therefore impact directly on the calf’s welfare. Adequate food will ensure that the calf is able to cope with a wide range of temperatures, with an upper critical temperature of 20 to 25°C and lower critical temperature of about 8°C at one week of age (Webster, 1984). For an adequate food supply, the food must be palatable and not too dusty, but not necessarily of high digestibility. The best aerial environment for calves is provided out of doors, as long as cold, damp conditions do not prevail.
Behaviour during transport The fact that cattle do not suffer high mortality during transport suggests that they usually cope adequately. However, there are behavioural changes that demonstrate that transport does have adverse effects on welfare. During the journey they lie down less than normal, and they often do not lie down until 15 hours have passed. This may be because they may not be able to get back up after they lie down. If they are highly stocked, they are more likely to stumble and will often remain lying afterwards.
1989). Stress from flies may be more acute outside than indoors, and the irritation reduces the grazing time and herbage biting rate of cattle. , 1993a,b). In cattle 28 Cattle behaviour and welfare Fig. 1 Thermoregulatory behaviour in Bos indicus cattle in the tropics. Grazing is avoided in the hottest part of the day and concentrated into the night period. , 1993a,b), suggesting that the level of nuisance caused by the flies increases over time, or that their priority changes form herbage ingestion to fly removal as satiation develops.
Cattle Behaviour and Welfare 2nd Edition by Clive Phillips