By Norris Pope
This quantity offers a historical past of the main consequential 35mm movie digital camera brought in North the US within the sector century following the second one international conflict: the Arriflex 35. It lines the North American background of this digicam from 1945 via 1972--when the 1st light-weight, self-blimped 35mm cameras grew to become available.
Chronicle of a Camera emphasizes theatrical movie construction, documenting the Arriflex's more and more very important position in increasing the variety of creation offerings, types, or even content material of yank movies during this interval. The book's exploration culminates such a lot strikingly in examples present in characteristic movies relationship from the Sixties and early Seventies, together with a couple of movies linked to what got here to be referred to as the "Hollywood New Wave." the writer exhibits that the Arriflex brought on very important innovation in 3 key parts: it enormously facilitated and inspired position capturing; it gave cinematographers new recommendations for intensifying visible sort and content material; and it prompted good value and self reliant construction. motion pictures during which the Arriflex performed a fully valuable position comprise Bullitt, The French Connection, and, most importantly, Easy Rider. utilizing an Arriflex for car-mounted pictures, hand held pictures, and zoom-lens photographs resulted in higher cinematic realism and private expression.
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Extra info for Chronicle of a Camera: The Arriflex 35 in North America, 1945-1972
Additional technical development continued, however, improving the camera’s performance and also ﬂexibility. This chapter will focus on these developments, beginning in the 1950s and continuing through the ’60s. In February 1954, Kling Photo Corporation ran a two-page advertisement in American Cinematographer heralding the new Arriﬂex Model IIA, which Arnold and Richter had started producing in the previous year. ”4 Nearly a decade later, the Arriﬂex company continued to insist that “the famous Arri cardioid movement and precision ﬁlm gate is still the heart” of the camera,5 a comment that reﬂects the ongoing concerns of old-school cinematographers about the Arriﬂex’s lack of a true registration pin.
The Debrie could be hand-cranked as well as operated from a battery, and it proved invaluable when Flaherty and assistant cameraman Sydney Smith had an opportunity to ﬁlm the blow-out of an oil well. Because of ﬁre danger, Standard Oil oﬃcials ordered Flaherty not to shoot the scene with the Arriﬂex as soon as they spotted the camera’s battery and cable. 31 21 22 Advantages of Portability Nominated for an Academy Award for best writing—and earning Virgil Thomson a Pulitzer Prize for Music for his score— Louisiana Story was shot over a period of fourteen months in southern Louisiana’s bayou country.
21 43 44 Technical Innovation A sound blimp in this period also meant that both the camera and the sound recorder had to be run oﬀ alternating current coming from the same power source. The synchronous motor of the camera and the synchronous motor of the sound recorder both locked onto the frequency of alternating current (60 cycles per second in North America) in order to maintain consistent speed throughout sync shots. 22 In addition, synchronous motors were generally heavier and larger than non-synchronous motors.
Chronicle of a Camera: The Arriflex 35 in North America, 1945-1972 by Norris Pope