By Marian Mazgaj
This article explores the character of Polish Catholicism within the first 1/2 the 20 th century and the adjustments it underwent less than the regulations of Soviet Communism. Of specific observe are the legislation and guidelines that have been hired by way of the country so as to smash faith typically, and Catholicism specifically. The textual content additionally explores the best way that the powerful culture of Polish tradition ready the population to be uniquely proof against makes an attempt to spoil its Christian spiritual lifestyles. it's finally, a narrative of the triumph of the folks over the country.
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Additional resources for Church and State in Communist Poland: A History, 1944-1989
Agreements are treated rather like acts, which bring to one side only duties, to the other only rights. 53 At the end of 1952, the Communist police arrested bishops and removed them from their sees. Finally, they arrested the Primate himself; as may be expected, his arrest was the climax of the persecution. The 1952 Constitution The primary work of the new Constitution started on May 26, 1951, when the Sejm passed the act creating the Constitution Commission. This Commission was charged with preparing a preliminary draft of the Consti- 3.
Abrogation of the Concordat 23 Sedis. Father Breitinger, who had not received any episcopal dignity and remained a simple religious priest, was appointed the Administrator for the German population. Monsignor Dymek, the only Polish bishop of the Wartheland region, became the Administrator of the Polish population. The Holy See made these appointments temporarily and only for the welfare of the souls. 17 Almost a year after the abrogation of the Concordat, Premier Edward E. Osobka-Morawski, head of the Polish Government, was quoted in newspapers as saying that he would be inclined to establish relations with the Holy See, but the Church still recognized the London government-in-exile.
The work of the Commission, conducted amid mounting difﬁculties caused by insurmountable ideological differences, was not easy. However, the requirements of current life brought about the agreement on the most pressing and most important matters. If agreement has not been reached on all matters, it is because the declaration is not a concordat, and many matters belong solely to the Holy See. 30 The text of the Common Declaration was divided into nineteen articles. The ﬁrst nine articles outlined the obligations of the Episcopate toward the State.
Church and State in Communist Poland: A History, 1944-1989 by Marian Mazgaj