Read e-book online Confucianism and Modernization: Industrialization and PDF

By Zhang Wei-Bin Zhang

ISBN-10: 0230287301

ISBN-13: 9780230287303

ISBN-10: 0312225717

ISBN-13: 9780312225711

ISBN-10: 1349411906

ISBN-13: 9781349411900

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Extra info for Confucianism and Modernization: Industrialization and Democratization of the Confucian Regions

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It is easy to say that we should aspire to universal love that we should love even our enemies; but it is empty talk unless we are capable of loving them. In Confucian tradition love is not extended to such an extreme extent that it includes loving one's enemies. In The Great Learning, we read: There are few men in the world, who love, and at the same Free Will, Benevolence and the Vision 35 time know the bad qualities of the object of their love, or who hate, and yet know the excellencies of the object of their hatred.

Confucius' teachings are mainly concerned with man and society. Fan Chi asked about knowledge, Confucius replied: [knowledge] is to know all men. This attitude had a strong and lasting influence on the history of Confucianism until Western natural sciences were introduced and accepted in China. Although Confucianists often spoke about principles of Nature, they seldom showed an interest in natural laws and had still less interest in anything mechanical. Confucius placed benevolence, justice, ceremony, knowledge Knowledge and Action 49 and faith as among the most important virtues.

Modern philosophers tend to assume morality as a matter of judgement. As shown below, although Confucius did not explicitly define morality, he seems to treat morality as a matter of sympathy, motive and judgement, that is of the quality of the whole mind. FREEDOM (LOYALTY TO THE WAY) Philosophy, for Plato, is a kind of vision, the 'vision of 28 Free Will, Benevolence and the Vision 29 truth'. It is not purely intellectual; it is not merely wisdom, but love of wisdom. Bertrand Russell (1946: 138) Chinese philosophers, such as Confucius and Lao Tzu, seem to have believed that knowledge is innate, but they were not explicitly concerned with epistemology.

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Confucianism and Modernization: Industrialization and Democratization of the Confucian Regions by Zhang Wei-Bin Zhang


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