By Steven J. Osterlind (auth.)
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Additional resources for Constructing Test Items
Hambleton and Eignor (1978) proposed a set of guidelines for evaluating criterion-referenced tests. " The authors report that this guideline was not adequately met in any of eleven popular, commercially produced criterion-referenced tests. Obviously, this is a serious deficit in test construction generally, but one that must be addressed during item construction. How one deals with this criterion in actual test development will be explored in Chapter 3, which discusses thoroughly the issues involved in considering this criterion and offers several strategies for addressing it.
The practical consequence of measuring human behavior indirectly is that the instruments used for the assessment are themselves suspect. The reliability of any particular test score of mental attributes can only be estimated rather than absolutely known. Further, these tests vary dramatically in quality, and as contrasted to the similarity of most yardsticks, one test cannot be haphazardly replaced by another. The second reason for difficulty in assessing mental abilities is that a psychological construct is both subject to change and only vaguely understood.
Cunningham, 1986). Chapters 5 and 6 articulate clear editorial guidelines and an accompanying rationale for many common item formats. A seventh and final criterion for constructing good test items is that they satisfy legal and ethical questions. Sometimes, test developers may be tempted to use another's set of well-constructed test items to save time or effort. Often, little or no consideration is given to matching the purposes of their own test. Regretfully, this form of plagiarism happens too often.
Constructing Test Items by Steven J. Osterlind (auth.)