By Axel R. Schäfer
In the mid-twentieth century, way more evangelicals supported such “liberal” factors as peace, social justice, and environmental defense. basically progressively did the conservative evangelical faction win dominance, allying with the Republican occasion of Ronald Reagan and, ultimately, George W. Bush.
In Countercultural Conservatives Axel Schäfer strains the evolution of a diffuse and pluralistic move into the political strength of the hot Christian correct. In forging its complicated theological and political id, evangelicalism didn't easily reject the tips of Sixties counterculture, Schäfer argues. For all their strict Biblicism and uncompromising morality, evangelicals absorbed and prolonged key elements of the countercultural worldview.
conscientiously interpreting evangelicalism’s inner dynamics, fissures, and coalitions, this booklet deals an exciting reinterpretation of crucial improvement in American faith and politics because international conflict II.
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Additional info for Countercultural Conservatives: American Evangelicalism from the Postwar Revival to the New Christian Right
28 Since the 1960s, Layman notes, the alignment of party loyalties has been undergoing significant change. Traditionally, both mainline and evangelical Protestants outside the South were predominantly Republican, while Catholics, Jews, and southern white Protestants identified with the Democratic party. By the 1990s, however, things had changed dramatically. Among Protestants, the presence of mainline religionists had declined in the Republican coalition, while southern evangelicals, once the religious backbone of the Democratic coalition, were likely to vote Republican.
Many polls in the mid-1970s recorded entrenched support for macroeconomic intervention and the expansion of the human services infrastructure. They showed that many Americans supported both redistribution of income and a tough stance on social issues. 98 What had changed by the 1980s was not the attachment to the liberal state itself, but the partisan bias of voters in regard to issues such as Social Security, medical care, welfare, and education. 99 Indeed, many political scientists attribute the backlash of the 1970s and 1980s to a crisis of the Democratic party, rather than to a serious shift to the right in the ideological outlook of the electorate.
First, the number of self-described secularists, ranging from atheists and agnostics to those not affiliated with any organized religion, roughly doubled. Second, the percentage of Catholics increased from 20 to 27 percent of the population between the 1940s and the late 1980s, while the percentage of Protestants fell from 69 percent to 56 percent. 8 The most dramatic changes, however, took place within the Protestant fold. While mainline Protestant churches experienced either an absolute or a net loss, evangelical and fundamentalist churches saw their membership increase considerably in these decades.
Countercultural Conservatives: American Evangelicalism from the Postwar Revival to the New Christian Right by Axel R. Schäfer