New PDF release: Detection methods for cynobacterial toxins

By G. A. Codd

ISBN-10: 1845698169

ISBN-13: 9781845698164

ISBN-10: 1855738023

ISBN-13: 9781855738027

Cyanobacteria, or blue-green algae, often take place in quite a few water forms during the global. A excessive share of the cyanobacterial blooms and scums comprise effective pollutants. This quantity appears to be like on the program of organic, toxicological, biochemical and physicochemical concepts in stories of cyanobacterial pollutants and at experimental tools that experience pointed out at the very least 50 cyanobacterial compounds poisonous to vertebrates.

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Res. , 1990,3,473. R. Nishiwaki-Matsushima, S. Nishiwalu, T. Ohta, S. Yoshizawa, M. Suganuma, K-I. F. Watanabe and H. Fujiki, Jpn. J. , 1991,82,993. K. Tsuji, S. Naito, F. Kondo, N. F. , M. -I. Harada, Environ. Sci. , 1994,28, 173. P. A. L. Wessels, C. C Viljoen, H. H. Williams, S. Santikarn, R. J. J. Hammond, J. Chem. Perkin Trans. I, 1984,2311. F. Kondo, Y. Ikai, H. Oka, N. F. Watanabe, M. -I. Harada and M. Suzuki, Toxicon, 1992,30,227. K. Sato, T. Asada, M. Ishihara, F. Kunihiro, Y. Kammei, E.

88, 8557. P . 2 . :i. Carnichael, 'Algae and Human Affairs', Cambridge 5-1'1. Press, 1988, 404. A . S . l. Carmichael, Toxicon , 1987, 2 5 , 285. A. Sirenko, 'Vegetation and Bacterial Population of Dnieper and its Reservoirs', Naukova 3umka, Kiev, 1989, 98 (in Russian). R. Falconer, m r o n . Toxicol. Id ate,-O a , 1901, 5 , 177. R . Nishiwaki-Matsushima, T. Ohta, S . Nishiwaki, M. Suganuma, K. Kohyama, T. Ishikawa, W . W . Carmichael and H. Fujikr, J. C 1Ain . Onco1,. 1992. 42C. I. hytoplankton of the Water a o d i e s of Lake Sartlan Drainage x, x, u, m, 18.

2 EXPERIMENTAL HPLC and GC-MS equipment, reagents and procedures were as reference 7. CE equipment was kindly loanled by Dionex UK Ltd, Leeds, UK. 3 RESULTS AND DISCUSSION The properties of AnTx, HomoAnTx and PrAnTx that are important chromatographically are that they are highly water-soluble organic amines, stable in acidic aqueous solutions with a W hmax about 227 nm. They are thus suitable for reversed-phase HPLC conditions, but the percentages of acetonitrile typically used (30-60 %)for the analysis of extracts containing microcystin-LR cause AnTx to be eluted with the solvent front.

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Detection methods for cynobacterial toxins by G. A. Codd

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